This year I took the steps of fencing my wide-open back yard and trying out Wireless Deer Fence® stakes in the still-exposed front flower bed. Hooray! Since putting down three stakes near the deer’s favorite munchies in that bed, I have not seen any sign of further deer damage there, and I’ve been able to see the full blooming of flowers in that bed for the first time. I am now ordering more of the devices for vulnerable places on the sides of my house. Good product!